Don Bosco Aktion Österreich
Jugend eine Welt
Im Oktober 2008 kam P. Savioraj Silveira SDB von Indien nach
Wien um das Projekt "Millennium-Development-Goals" vorzustellen.
Wir konnten ihn und zwei Voluntärinnen von Jugend eine Welt
in die 8C einladen.
P. Savio ist in Indien geboren, wurde später Salesianer
Don Boscos und war längere Zeit in Darfur, wo er eine Studie
zu den Millennuimszielen erarbeitete.
P. Savio hielt einen sehr berührenden Vortrag über die
Armut und die damit verbundenen Probleme. Die Schüler folgten
mit großer Aufmerksamkeit seinem Bericht und interessierten
sich auch für das Volontariat bei Jugend eine Welt.
Rosi Gritsch schrieb einen Bericht über dieses Projekt.
The Millennium Project - Does it really help to reduce the suffering
of the developing countries?
The Millennium Project was initiated by the UN government on
the 8th of September 2000. It was made to achieve eight set goals:
1.Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
2.Achieve universal primary education
3.Promote gender equality and empower women
4.Reduce child mortality
5.Improve maternal health
7.Ensure Environmental Sustainability
8. Develop a global Partnership
After seven years there was a one-week conference at Vienna to
talk about the progress and they decided to focus on one country:
Sudan is located at the north-eastern side of Africa and it is
one of the largest countries. It has rich natural resources which
cannot be used because of the social and geographically differences.
Sudan is divided in 600 different ethnic groups, Arabs and African
On the 1st of January 1956 Sudan got its independence by the British
troupes stationed in the country but in Sudan there have been
many wars and there are still some conflicts going on. The first
civil war was from 1955 until 1972 and after eleven years of peace
the second civil war started again and two million people were
killed and over four million people became refugees after the
end in 2005. The Darfur Conflict is present every day in the local
press and news, because of the high number of deaths.
The main cause of the troubles is the control of the country and
its water supplies.
90% of the Sudanese live on less then $1 a day and 60% of the
households have to face food insecurity.
70% do not have access to education, only 16% girls, and only
1 out of 50 finishes the school.
Sudan has the lowest female to male enrolment ratio of all countries
and the child mortality rises every year more than 15 %. Only
1 out of 4 new born babies reach their fifth birthday. And the
only 5% of deliveries are attended by skilled health personal.
Threatening but true is that there is only one doctor per 100
of thousands ill people and compared to the high number of doctors
and hospitals in Vienna.
Even the access to clean drinking water and seniorities are not
ensured for everybody.
But maybe the most difficult goal to reach is to build the country
because there is no formal economy.
Based on these facts that Sudan is a very poor and unstable country
it is necessary to act.
The strategies are to improve the education, not only the elementary,
because children are the future, but also the technical and agricultural
education. Improve the health care and the rural development.
As a conclusion, it is a very difficult situation and I do not
believe that within 7 years the goals will be reached. Even if
you concentrate on one country the process of developing will